- Peter, Saint
- Introduced by his brother Andrew to Christ, Peter became one of the Lord's disciples. The calling of the two brothers to the apostolate was depicted by Domenico del Ghirlandaio in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican, in 1482. Peter is mentioned in the Gospels more than any other apostle. He was present at the marriage at Cana when Christ effected his first miracle—the turning of water into wine. Christ called him "the rock" upon which his church would be built, a statement used by the papacy to assert the divine sanction of their office, the scene depicted by Pietro Perugino in the Sistine Chapel (Christ Giving the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven to St. Peter; 1482). He was present during the Agony in the Garden, as rendered by Giovanni Bellini (c. 1460; London, National Gallery). At Christ's arrest, he cut off Malchus' ear in anger, the scene presented by Giotto in his Betrayal of Christ by Judas in the Arena Chapel, Padua (1305). After Christ was arrested, three times Peter denied him but, after the Crucifixion, he was the first of the apostles to preach to the Gentiles, to effect conversions, and to perform miracles. He was imprisoned by Herod Agrippa, but an angel helped him escape so he could continue preaching. Raphael included the Liberation of St. Peter in the decorations of the Stanza d'Eliodoro at the Vatican (1512-1514). Peter became the first bishop of Rome and was crucified there by Emperor Nero. His crucifixion is the subject of one of Caravaggio's paintings in the Cerasi Chapel, Rome (1600). His remains are kept in the crypt of the Basilica of St. Peter's, directly under the altar, to assert papal succession from Peter.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Peter,Saint — Peter, Saint. Died c. A.D. 67. The chief of the 12 Apostles. He is traditionally regarded as the first bishop of Rome. * * * … Universalium
Peter, Saint — • Long article on his life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Peter, Saint, Epistles of — • Considers the authenticity, recipients, occasion, object, and date and place of composition of these two epistles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Faber, Peter, Saint — • French priest, one of the first Jesuits, d. 1546 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Saint Paul — usually refers to the biblical apostle Paul of Tarsus or the City of Saint Paul, Minnesota. It may also refer to:People* Paul the Apostle, previously known as Saul of Tarsus ( ca. 5–67CE) * Paul of Thebes, an Egyptian saint, regarded as the first … Wikipedia
Saint-Peter (Barbade) — Saint Peter Administration Pays Barbade Type Paroisse … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-peter (barbade) — Saint Peter Administration Pays Barbade Type Paroisse … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-peter (antigua-et-barbuda) — Saint Peter Administration Pays Antigua et Barbuda Type Paroi … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-Peter (Antigua-et-Barbuda) — Saint Peter Administration Pays Antigua et Barbuda !Antigua et Barbuda … Wikipédia en Français
Saint Peter — →↑Peter, Saint … Dictionary of contemporary English